Bỏ túi danh sách các từ vựng hữu dụng chinh phục chủ đề Environment trong IELTS

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  • 02/08/2023

Từ vựng đóng vai trò quan trọng trong bất cứ bài thi ngôn ngữ nào, vì khi được cho chủ đề nào đó, việc nắm chắc các từ vựng trong chủ đề đó là điều rất quan trọng để bạn có vốn từ thể hiện quan điểm của mình. Environment là chủ đề thường gặp trong bài thi IELTS, nhất là trong phần thi IELTS Speaking, có thể xuất hiện ở cả Part 1, Part 2Part 3. Để giúp bạn tích lũy vốn từ IELTS về chủ đề này, trong bài viết này KTDC sẽ cung cấp cho bạn danh sách từ vựng IELTS chủ đề Environment. Cùng theo dõi các bạn nhé! 

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Danh sách từ vựng IELTS chủ đề Environment thường gặp 

air quality: the cleanliness of the air we breathe – chất lượng không khí 

to become extinct: to no longer exist – bị tuyệt chủng 

to be under threat: to be in danger of becoming extinct – có nguy cơ tuyệt chủng 

climate change: the change in worldwide weather patterns – biến đổi khí hậu 

to die out = to become extinct – bị tuyệt chủng 

endangered species: categories of animals or plants that are in danger of becoming extinct – các loài có nguy cơ tuyệt chủng  

energy conservation: the careful management of energy resources to ensure they last as long as possible – bảo tồn nguồn năng lượng 

environmentally friendly: behaviour and products that do not harm the environment – thân thiện với môi trường 

exhaust fumes: the toxic gases given off by vehicles powered by petrol – các khí thải độc hại 

flash floods: floods that happen quickly – lũ quét 

fossil fuels: energy resources like gas and oil that are produced deep below the ground over millions of years – nhiên liệu hóa thạch 

future generations: the people who live after us – các thế hệ tương lai 

to get back to nature: to live a life that is closer to nature – sống gần gũi với thiên nhiên 

global warming: the increasing temperature of the world brought about by gases such as carbon dioxide – sự nóng lên toàn cầu 

heavy industry: the manufacture of heavy articles and materials in large numbers – công nghiệp nặng 

humanitarian aid: the act of showing support to people struggling to survive – viện trợ nhân đạo 

impact on: the effect on – tác động đến 

loss of habitat: the decline in areas of land where animals and plants would normally exist – mất môi trường sống 

man-made disaster: widespread damage or loss of life brought about by the action of humans – thảm họa nhân tạo 

natural disaster: an event such as an earthquake, flood or hurricane which causes widespread damage or loss of life – thảm họa thiên nhiên 

natural environment: the place where animals and plants would normally be found in nature – môi trường tự nhiên 

the natural world: the world of nature – thế giới tự nhiên 

oil spill: waste usually deposited in the seas and oceans after an accident at sea – sự cố tràn dầu 

poaching: to hunt and kill wild animals illegally – săn bắt trái phép động vật hoang dã 

pollution levels: the amount of toxic waste – các mức độ ô nhiễm 

pressure group: a group of people who try to raise awareness of issues and try to affect the views and actions of people and organizations – nhóm người vận động, tuyên truyền ý thức bảo vệ môi trường  

toxic waste: poisonous, unwanted rubbish often produced by industrial processes – chất thải độc hại 

wildlife conservation: to protect animals and plants and their habitats – bảo tồn động vật hoang dã 


Một số ví dụ câu hỏi thường gặp về chủ đề Environment trong IELTS Speaking Part 1 

Ví dụ 1: 

Examiner: Are there any environmental problems in your country?

Kelly: Yes… we have a serious issue with pollution levels in some of our big cities… exhaust fumes from cars and lorries are definitely one reason for the problem but we also have a lot of heavy industry in some areas and this also results in poor air quality… 


Ví dụ 2: 

Examiner: Do you take an interest in nature?

Jenny: Well … I’m a city person through and through and don’t get back to nature very often I’m afraid … but like everyone else I’m fascinated by the natural world and I like watching documentaries showing wild animals in their natural habitat


Ví dụ 3: 

Examiner: Do you or your family take steps to help the environment?

Mira: My parents have always tried to make us aware of our impact on the environment… they’re really into energy conservation... and always try to buy environmentally friendly products if they have the chance …


Một số ví dụ câu hỏi thường gặp về chủ đề Environment trong IELTS Speaking Part 2  

Describe an environmental problem that has been in the news.

You should say:

  • when this was 
  • where the even happened
  • what actually took place 

and say how you felt about this problem. 


Martin: Well… this is an interesting question… there are so many issues I could think of… natural disasters like earthquakes and floods seem to be in the news almost every year … but there was one story recently about some animals that were under threat… it wasn’t focused on one place in particular … it was looking at various animals that could actually become extinct in different African countries … if we don’t take steps to protect them… these were really iconic animals like gorillas … leopards … rhinos… and apparently they’re now listed as endangered species… what made it really depressing was they were in danger thanks to us… in some cases it was due to a loss of habitat either because people need more agricultural production … or even worse I think… because of hunting and poaching … I hate to think of future generations being robbed of the chance to see creatures like these in their natural environment… it’s lucky we have lots of organizations that focus on wildlife conservation …hopefully with their help we can put pressure on those in power to do something to stop creatures like these dying out … 


Một số ví dụ câu hỏi thường gặp về chủ đề Environment trong IELTS Speaking Part 3 

Ví dụ 1

Examiner: What do you think is the main danger the world faces in terms of the environment? 

Spencer: Well… climate change is a real issue… in my country we have flash floods and heatwaves on a yearly basis… so yes… I think global warming is the biggest issue.


Ví dụ 2

Examiner: What examples are there of how we damage the natural world?

Stella: There are so many examples… there are factories that empty toxic waste into rivers and oceans… oil spills that damage the coastline… the way we destroy vast areas of land and rain forests in search of fossil fuels or to increase agricultural production…


Ví dụ 3

Examiner: In which ways do we respond well to environmental problems?

Mathius: Well… on the one hand there are various worldwide agencies that are always the first on the scene with humanitarian aid after natural and man-made disasters… and on the other hand we have environmental pressure groups that are constantly raising awareness of issues and trying to stop disasters happening…


Qua danh sách các từ vựng IELTS chủ đề Environment và các ví dụ mà KTDC chia sẻ trên đây, chắc hẳn bạn cũng đã hình dung cách áp dụng các từ vựng Environment như thế nào rồi đúng không nè? Mau mau lấy giấy bút ra và thực hành ngay thôi nào!  

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